The Syrian Flag :
Each color in the Syrian flag refers to a definite meaning or a period as follows:
1. Red Color: The blood of the martyrs.
2. Black Color: The Abbasids.
3. White Color: The Umayyad.
4. The Green: The Rashidun or the Fatimid.
5. The two stars represent the previous union between Egypt and Syria.
The Syrian flag is also found as a Shield in the middle of the Syrian Eagle’s heart which is derived from the Arabic history, which referred to the flag of “Khaled Bin Al Waleed” that was held.
at when he conquered Damascus in 635 AD. At the bottom of the Shield , there are two wheat spikes to represent the country’s first crop and its agricultural nature. The eagle grabs in his claws a stripe that has the words “Syrian Arab Republic” written on it in Kufic (an Arabic type of writing).
The Syrian National Anthem:
“Homat el Diyar” (translated Guardians of the Homeland) is the national anthem of Syria, with lyrics written by “Khalil Mardam Bey” and the music by “Mohammed Flayfel”, who also composed the national anthem of the Palestinian National Authority, as well as many other Arab folk songs.
It was adopted in 1936 and temporarily fell from use when Syria joined the United Arab Republic with Egypt in 1958. It was decided that the national anthem of the UAR would be a combination of the then-Egyptian anthem and “Homat elDiyar” When Syria seceded from the union in 1961, the anthem was completely restored.
English Translation of Syrian National Anthem:Defenders of our home, Peace be upon you; The proud spirits had refused to subdue. The lion-abode of Arabism, A hallowed sanctuary; The seat of the stars, An inviolable preserve. Our hopes and our hearts, Are entwined with the flag, Which unites our country…