Syria is the cradle of the great civilizations , and the accomplishments of it’s her ancient peoples are renowned throughout the world .It was here where agriculture began ten thousand years ago , that settlement commenced and civilization emerged . houses , not caves , became man’s dwelling , and he embarked on a journey of self-discovery . he observed heaven and sang the earliest hymns . He tried his hand at drawing and sculpture . Evidence of these ancient arts are found all over Syria , at Mereibet . Jeyroud , Yabroud , and on the river banks . Syria also presented the world with another discovery . It was here that copper was made pliable and bronze civilization came into being at Tel Halaf. At Mari ( Tel Hariri ), by the Euphrates and elsewhere , there was an abundance of palaces , temples and murals reflecting advanced cultural and commercial activity . The kingdom of Ugarit ( Ras Shamra ) offered mankind the first alphabet in history .At Elba ( Tel Merdikh ) , a royal palace was discovered containing one of the largest and most comprehensive . Documentary archives of the ancient world . These specialized in industrial , diplomatic, commercial and administrative matters , in addition to war and peace relations with other countries . The Amorites , the Canaanites and the phoenicians inhabited the coastal regions , the Arameans were the highlanders , and the Nabateans inhabited the south . Successive waves of migrations from the Arab peninsula gave an Arab identity to Syria , and it managed to withstand the invasions by Hittites, Persians, Greeks and Romans . The Islamic conquest of 636 A.D . only confirmed this Arab identity and gave a sense of unity to the land . The immense strategic importance of Syria is due to her unique position as a meeting – point of three continents ( Asia , Africa , and Europe ) and as a crossroad between the Caspian sea , the Indian Ocean , the Black Sea , and the Nile River . through Syria lay the silk route which led from China to Doura Europos ( Salhieh ) , from Palmyra and Homs to the Syrian ports on the Mediterranean , where for thousand of years Syrian seafarers had ridden the wave in their enormous fleets with gleaming white sails . This geographical position lent distinction to the country , not only as a trade and caravan route , but also as a melting-pot of diverse ideas , beliefs , talents , and cultures . www.tartoos.com A journey through Syria is a journey through time . When you enter the old souks you realize that history is something alive and tangible , something you can see and touch . you walk down the street called straight ( Midhat Pasha ) with stretches from Bab al-Jabieh , and you feel that you are walking beside saul of Tarus when he saw the light of faith , the light on the Road to Damascus . The silk weavers with you see in Damascus , Hama and Aleppo still work at their wooden hand looms just like their ancestors bid in Ebla four thousand years ago . Glass blowers at their brick furnaces recall their predecessors who invented coloured glass three thousand years ago . folk artists still draw pictures of epic heroes almost identical to those engraved on stone by Doura Europos artists in the year 300 B.C . Syria is often described as the largest small country in the world because of its wealth of ancient civilizations . Modern man is indebted to this land for much of this thought and learning . Indeed it was aptly said that every intellectual has tow homelands : his own , and Syria .