Al Hasakeh governorate is the most northeastern of the Syrian governorates and the largest in area. It is one of the most important resources of Wheat and Petrol production in Syria. This governorate is irrigated by the Khabur River and the Tigris which forms Syria’s border with Iraq in the northeast tip of Syria. There are also many springs that are rich in Sulphur in this area.
There are two main cities in the governorate of Al Hasakeh, one is Al Hasakeh the other is Qamishli. The population in these cities is predominantly Christian and Kurdish. The surrounding areas are mostly deserting where Bedouins roam.
The history of this region is not yet fully determined as archaeologists are still excavating. There are many artificial mounds that are being excavated most important of which are Tell Brak, Tell Halaf, and Tell Aryan. It is thought that this area was important to the kingdom of Surbato in the Third Millennium BC. It was followed by the Sumerians, the Akkadians, the Hittites, Arameans, and Assyrians who controlled this valley until 606 BC. It then fell like the rest of Syria into the hands of the Persians, then the Greeks, the Romans, and the Arabs.
This area was an important trading route during the Abbasid dynasty, whose capital was in Baghdad.
The village of Ain Diwar in the northeastern tip was put on the map recently as one of the few places in the world that saw the Solar Eclipse of 11 August, 1999 very clearly. Many astronomers and tourists visited from Lebanon and European countries, where visibility was less clear.